Integrity vs Conflict and Violent Extremism
International institutions, governments, donors, aid workers, and peace builders must realize that corruption has very high costs for society, but particularly in instable regions by preventing the development of effective institutions of governance. When money and resources available to government are diverted by corrupt officials instead of being channelled for the benefit of citizens, this can create further instability. In these ways, corruption, governance, and conflict are all linked.
Corruption and the growth of violent extremism may also create organisations, such as Islamic State – ADF and rebel groups, taking advantage of corruption in their efforts to recruit and retain disillusioned members, even as they use corrupt practices to channel funds and smuggle arms, drugs, and people. Corruption also can dramatically weaken state institutions, rendering them ineffective in the face of the threat from extremist groups.
Corruption could thus create an appealing atmosphere for crimes and conflicts because of two main reasons: on the one hand, it sustains circumstances of impunity which only further encourage crimes and, on the other hand, the impunity on crime may encourage citizens to take the law into their own hands in attempts to effect jungle justice, which could further lead to conflicts and crime.